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May 19, 2011

Political Men and Sex Crimes

 On Thursday May 19, 2011SkyNews reported:

But new claims have emerged alleging that Strauss-Kahn paid an infamous brothel madam for escort girls in 2006 before he took up his post at the IMF. The Times newspaper reports that the Frenchman was put in contact with Wicked Models owner Kristin Davis by a Bosnian prostitute living in Paris.
There was also a photo of the buxom Davis with the caption calling her the Manhattan Madam.-- the same owner of an escort service which furnished call girls for Eliot Spitzer three years ago.

MSNBC reveals at the NBC New York website:
The so-called "Manhattan madam" who arranged prostitutes for former Gov. Eliot Spitzer claims she also provided them for the former International Monetary Fund chief who has been charged in the sexual assault of a New York hotel maid.

Kristin Davis tells NBC New York that Dominique Strauss-Kahn was a client of her service in September 2006 when he was in town for the Clinton Global Initiative meeting.


Davis said he paid her $1,200 cash for two-hour sessions. Strauss-Kahn's lawyers did not immediately respond to requests for comment.


The story was first reported by The Daily Telegraph.

"He wanted an 'All American girl,' with a fresh face, from the Midwest," she said. "A girl in January 2006 complained he was rough and angry, and said she didn't want to see him again."

Davis, who has claimed to have a "little black book" with more than 10,000 names -- many of them famous -- was arrested in 2008 for her affiliation with Spitzer.

She ran for governor of New York in 2010 and has vowed she will run for New York City mayor in 2013 if Spitzer decides to join the race.

Strauss-Kahn has been jailed without bail at Rikers Island after his arraignment on attempted rape, sex abuse, a criminal sex act, unlawful imprisonment and forcible touching. His lawyers deny the charges and say there is no evidence of a forced encounter.
Silent Coup: The Removal of a President We are reminded of a call-girl ring tied to attorney Philip Bailley in 1972, which was under investigation at the same time the Democratic National Committee's Watergate office was being broken into. Not until 1984 Jim Hougan's book, Secret Agenda, came out was a connection exposed between that ring and Maureen Kane Biner Dean, White House Counsel John Dean's wife.

"Mo" Dean was a close friend of more than one of the women involved in the ring of escorts, who hired themselves out at exorbitant fees to men on "Capitol Hill" and out of towners referred by the DNC staff, some of whose phones had been wiretapped and conversations listened in on. 

A second book which delved even deeper into that same call-girl ring was called Silent Coup. Written by Len Colodny and Robert Gettlin, its publisher was sued by the Deans, who worked out a settlement, by terms of which certain allegations contained in the book were removed.

We are also reminded of many other incidents of "honey traps," where girls are used to trap powerful men into compromising situations designed to destroy their future political prospects. The Christine Keeler ring brought down John Profumo. Other and varied examples of honey traps are described by Phillip Knightley in a history posted at Foreign Policy.

What Hougan presents in Secret Agenda is not so much a totally new version of Watergate as it is, to use Marro's words, "a significant new dimension and perspective." There is nothing in his account to suggest that Richard M. Nixon was not guilty of impeachable offenses. Nor does Hougan dispute that the break-in was planned in the White House, or that when the burglars were caught, the president and his men conspired to cover up their involvement.



An excellent analysis of Hougan's book was written by Phil Stanford, who zeroes in on what was important about that work:
What he [Hougan] does say is that all the while this was going on, the CIA, quite without the knowledge of the White House, was pursuing an agenda of it own. Hougan says that at least two of those involved in the break-in were actually spying on the White House for the CIA and conducting their own illegal domestic operations; that one of these domestic operations involved spying on the clients of a call-girl ring operating out of an apartment complex [Columbia Plaza] near the Watergate; and that when the White House-planned bugging of the Democratic National Committee's headquarters threatened to expose this operation - as it might have, since some of the clients for the call girls were being referred from the DNC - it was sabotaged in order to protect the CIA's role.

"Watergate," Hougan writes, "was not so much a partisan political scandal as it was . . . a sex scandal, the unpredictable outcome of a CIA operation that, in the simplest of terms, tripped on its own shoelaces."
 What all of the above examples give us, however, is a picture of how men engaged in plotting attempts to discredit other men actually think. They like to use sex in ways that make their victims look foolish or depraved. And it almost always seems to work.

But probably the most shocking book to reveal who was behind the call girl ring at the Columbia Plaza Apartments is one recently published by TrineDay, Watergate Exposed. A confidential informant recruited originally by Carl Shoffler, a District of Columbia policeman, to spy on peace protesters and activists, came upon information about the call girl ring operating out of the apartments on Virginia Avenue in 1972. Robert Merritt told Shoffler about a break in that was planned at the Watergate, which led to Shoffler's stationing himself and others near the Watergate in order to arrest the burglars.

The most horrifying aspect of this book is what it reveals about details of the FBI's Cointelpro operations of the 1970s--about how informants are lured into a life of entrapment of others into crimes for which they can be arrested. After reading this book and becoming aware of how United States "justice" really operates, we can never look at political persons accused of  sex crimes in the same way again.

May 16, 2011

Onward Christian Soldiers

Onward, Christian soldiers, marching as to war,
with the cross of Jesus going on before.

The New York Times has been taken to task on the military and security blog of Eeben Barlow, founder of Executive Outcomes, for its potentially libelous statements characterizing  EO as a company engaged in fomenting coups throughout the world, particularly in Africa, where they contracted to help "African governments that had been abandoned by the West and were facing threats from insurgencies, terrorism and organised crime."

In a letter to the New York Times editor, he wrote:

Pretoria, South Africa
15th May 2011
Dear Editor,
It was with interest that I read your article headlined Secret Desert Force Set Up by Blackwater’s Founder dated 14 May 2011 by your journalists Mark Mazzetti and Emily B Hager.

As the founder and chairman of the now defunct Executive Outcomes, I found it of even greater interest that they state in their article as fact that Executive Outcomes was “a South African company notorious for staging coup attempts...in Africa”.

Indeed, the only fact in their reference to Executive Outcomes is that it was a South African company. Had your journalists done even the most basic of research, they would have discovered that:
1. Executive Outcomes was intimately involved in drafting the South African government’s legislation on foreign military companies
2. Executive Outcomes had a licence from the South African government to conduct its business
3. Executive Outcomes only accepted contracts from legitimate, internationally recognised governments. This included South Africa, Angola, Botswana, Sierra Leone and Indonesia to name a few
4. The South African media apologised to me for allowing themselves to be used to perpetuate disinformation on both myself and my company.
The book Executive Outcomes: Against all Odds, was written by myself and published in 2007 by Galago Publishing, detailing the company’s origins, contracts and activities. To date, no information I gave in the book has been refuted by any party.

I personally remain opposed to coups and I also run a blog where I have written, warned against and prevented coups in Africa  (http://eebenbarlowsmilitaryandsecurityblog.blogspot.com/2011/02/warning-against-joining-planned-coup.html)
However, as your paper accepted and published a factually incorrect comment on Executive Outcomes, despite it being libellous, I reserve the right to take legal action. Meanwhile I demand that your journalists furnish me with proof of any coup attempts planned or staged by the defunct Executive Outcomes. Should your journalists argue that the failed coup attempt in Equatorial Guinea is an example of such an action, may I point out that Executive Outcomes closed its doors in January 1998. It therefore cannot, in any way, be linked to a coup attempt several years later. If any ex-Executive Outcomes men were recruited by the planners of such a coup, Executive Outcomes can still not be linked to the attempt.

I look forward to your comments.
Sincerely,
EEBEN BARLOW
 The text of the NYT article was quoted previously in this blog, the exact wording as follows:
"To bolster the force, R2 recruited a platoon of South African mercenaries, including some veterans of Executive Outcomes, a South African company notorious for staging coup attempts or suppressing rebellions against African strongmen in the 1990s. The platoon was to function as a quick-reaction force, American officials and former employees said, and began training for a practice mission: a terrorist attack on the Burj Khalifa skyscraper in Dubai, the world’s tallest building. They would secure the situation before quietly handing over control to Emirati troops."
The story actually was describing a new company --Reflex Responses Management Consultancy LLC (a/k/a R2) -- recently set up by Erik Prince to fulfill a contract with the GHQ Armed Forces of the United Arab Emirates for a battalion of non-Muslim mercenary soldiers from all parts of the world, but predominantly from South America. R2 executed the contract by Michael Roumi.

The term of the contract is five years, beginning last June and running through May 2015 with an amount payable to the contractor of $529,166,754.13--more than half a billion dollars.

Another blogger has taken excerpts from the contract, along with speculation of the authors of the Times piece -- Mark Mazzetti and Emily B. Hager -- to conclude as follows:

If Reflex Responses Management Consultancy LLC or R2 can deliver on this first test battalion, it sounds like the UAE is prepared to expand on the thing. The contract goes up to May of 2015, so a lot can happen between now and then.

Now as far as what they will be used for, who knows?  The article below says that this legion could be used to take a few islands off the coast and keep them out of Iranian hands? That this force could also be a deterrent to deal with Iran, which I think that is the real reason why the US would be ok with such a set up. Here is a quote on some of the possible tasks of this force:

Corporate documents describe the battalion’s possible tasks: intelligence gathering, urban combat, the securing of nuclear and radioactive materials, humanitarian missions and special operations “to destroy enemy personnel and equipment.”
One document describes “crowd-control operations” where the crowd “is not armed with firearms but does pose a risk using improvised weapons (clubs and stones).”
The foreign military force was planned months before the so-called Arab Spring revolts that many experts believe are unlikely to spread to the U.A.E. Iran was a particular concern.

Here is the part of the article that talks specifically about Iran. Pretty wild, and this kind of operation is certainly offensive in nature if they do it:

Although there was no expectation that the mercenary troops would be used for a stealth attack on Iran, Emirati officials talked of using them for a possible maritime and air assault to reclaim a chain of islands, mostly uninhabited, in the Persian Gulf that are the subject of a dispute between Iran and the U.A.E., the former employees said. Iran has sent military forces to at least one of the islands, Abu Musa, and Emirati officials have long been eager to retake the islands and tap their potential oil reserves.
Finally there is the future of this project, and more importantly, what Prince envisions. This is where the Foreign Legion turns into a hybrid type force.  It would be like Secopex training and providing logistics for the FFL, and offering the training facility to other private or government forces. Here is the quote:

But by last November, the battalion was officially behind schedule. The original goal was for the 800-man force to be ready by March 31; recently, former employees said, the battalion’s size was reduced to about 580 men.

Emirati military officials had promised that if this first battalion was a success, they would pay for an entire brigade of several thousand men. The new contracts would be worth billions, and would help with Mr. Prince’s next big project: a desert training complex for foreign troops patterned after Blackwater’s compound in Moyock, N.C.

So will R2 be opening its doors for training to the world, much like how BW operated in the US?   If true, I could see something like this becoming a multi-billion dollar project for Prince and company. Just because it would be located in the middle east and cater to all the OPEC nations.  That is a pretty wealthy neighborhood to cater too, and this will be one to watch in the coming years.

 When American corporations treat government contracting as just another way to get rich, offering their services to the highest bidder without considerations of anything other than promoting business of multi-nationals, we have to ask "Have they sold their souls to the devil?" Or could it be that they truly believe they have the Christian God on their side as they wage a new Templar Crusade?

Hifter or Hafter or Haftar of Libya

The research item below is written by Kevin Carson, someone who truly understands how to follow the money in world politics and business. The bottom line, after all, is always money. Forget talk of democracy, national security, and all the code words intended to distract. Identify the business networks and finance capital behind a policy; then zoom in on the names behind the businesses. You'll find the same people hoping to profit from any given situation. Here Carson looks back on his earlier analysis of what Frank Wisner's presence in Egypt really meant.

Even though I really like the way Carson succinctly describes the planning behind the financial coup, I had to cringe with the trite use of the term "banksters." I detest that word for some reason. I think it tends to obscure people behind a mask. It's much preferable to give them names rather than caricatures.
When the addresses below are plotted on a map, they appear to be strikingly closer to the Pentagon than to Langley. The 1996 address for Keysville, Md. is the only anomaly, appearing to be near the town of Blackstone, Va., where the U.S. Army Base of Fort Pickett was dismantled in 1994. Likely, this is the town in Virginia referred to below--located about 4 hours from D.C.--where the training of Libyan anti-Qaddafy forces took place.

The name "Hifter" appears to be of Austrian origin. However, other sources call him "Khalifa Belqasim Haftar."

~~~~~~~~~~~
from Ancestry.com
Name: Khalifa A Hifter
Birth Date: 1 Sept. 1948
Address:
1020 Moorefield Hill Pl SW, Vienna, VA, 22180-6248
[5505 Seminary Rd Apt 1605, Falls Church, VA, 22041-2951 (1993)] 
[5505 Seminary Rd Apt 2511, Falls Church, VA, 22041-3546] 
[6101 Edsall Rd Apt 1211, Alexandria, VA, 22304-6007 (1996)] 
[9451 Lee Hwy Apt 903, Fairfax, VA, 22031-1821] 
[RR 3 POB 138, Keysville, VA, 23947 (1996)] 

~~~~~~~~~~~~~


By Kevin Carson
Hifter or Hafter or Haftar of Libya
May 10, 2011 "C4SS" --  In a column three months ago (“Egypt: Let the Looting Begin,” Feb. 4),  I suggested that was really going on in Egypt was somewhat different from the official narrative. In quite a few of the “people power” revolutions in recent years — no matter how sincere the people on the streets — it turned out that there were attempts to orchestrate things by people behind the scenes, for whom “people power” was the very last thing on the agenda. In that column I reported that Frank Wisner — a veteran spook, described by Vijay Prashad at Counterpunch as a “bagman of empire,” was Obama’s man on the ground.

Wisner, a former Director at AIG and Enron with longstanding family ties to the OSS and CIA, had previously been involved in drafting the Bush administration’s postwar blueprint for Iraq. That agenda involved so-called “privatizations” of state industry that amounted to insider deals with global corporate interests for pennies on the dollar, “strong intellectual property protections” largely written by Monsanto and the RIAA, and draconian crackdowns on genuine freedom fighters in the labor movement and the Iraqi Freedom Congress. Paul Bremer, with the help of his Heritage Foundation boys in the Green Zone, basically oversaw the looting of everything that wasn’t nailed down.

In that light, some recent news from Libya is especially interesting. First, Alexander Cockburn (“What’s Really Going On in Libya?” Counterpunch, April 15)  reports that a high priority for the NATO operation in Libya was to see to the central banking arrangements of the revolutionary government in Benghazi. On March 19 they authorized the Central Bank of Benghazi to handle monetary policy for the country. Qaddafi, it seems, had announced his intention to repudiate the dollar and the euro and encourage the use of the gold dinar as a common currency by all of Africa. He’d gained tentative buy-in, over the previous year, from a number of Arab and African regimes. The government-owned Libyan national bank in Tripoli, which is independent of the global banking industry, has been a thorn in the flesh of global financial elites for some time.

Things that make you go “Hmmmm …”
The Origins of the Libyan Nation: Colonial Legacy, Exile and the Emergence of a New Nation-State (Routledge Studies in Middle Eastern History)Meanwhile, Russ Baker at Alternet announces (“The CIA’s Man in Libya?” April 26)  that the latest head of rebel forces in Libya, Gen. Khalifa Hifter, is a CIA asset. Hifter has lived in the Greater Washington area of Virginia (cough cough Langley cough) for almost twenty years, enjoying an unusually comfortable lifestyle considerably disproportionate to his visible means of support. Hifter has headed the military wing (Libyan National Army) of an opposition movement in exile (NSFL) for most of that time. The CIA sponsored a training operation for the Libyan National Army at a base in Chad during the reign of Bush I, with a view to a possible future overthrow of Qaddafi. In 1996, Hifter headed a failed overthrow attempt, after which he returned to the United States.
Libya: From Colony to Independence (Oneworld Short Histories) 
So the head of the opposition movement is on the CIA payroll, and the first order of business of the insurgent regime is to create a central bank that takes orders from international finance capital.  Doesn’t look real good for “freedom” in Libya, does it? Looks pretty damn good for the banksters, though.

If the attempt to overthrow of Qaddafi had anything to do with genuine freedom, it’s a safe bet the U.S. government would have had nothing to do with it.  Put not your faith in princes.

###############
Excerpt from Patrick Martin

...A 2001 book, Manipulations africaines, published by Le Monde diplomatique, traces the CIA connection even further back, to 1987, reporting that Hifter, then a colonel in Gaddafi’s army, was captured fighting in Chad in a Libyan-backed rebellion against the US-backed government of Hissène Habré. He defected to the Libyan National Salvation Front (LNSF), the principal anti-Gaddafi group, which had the backing of the American CIA. He organized his own militia, which operated in Chad until Habré was overthrown by a French-supported rival, Idriss Déby, in 1990.

According to this book, “the Haftar force, created and financed by the CIA in Chad, vanished into thin air with the help of the CIA shortly after the government was overthrown by Idriss Déby.” The book also cites a Congressional Research Service report of December 19, 1996 that the US government was providing financial and military aid to the LNSF and that a number of LNSF members were relocated to the United States.

This information is available to anyone who conducts even a cursory Internet search, but it has not been reported by the corporate-controlled media in the United States, except in the dispatch from McClatchy, which avoids any reference to the CIA. None of the television networks, busily lauding the “freedom fighters” of eastern Libya, has bothered to report that these forces are now commanded by a longtime collaborator of US intelligence services.

Nor have the liberal and “left” enthusiasts of the US-European intervention in Libya taken note. They are too busy hailing the Obama administration for its multilateral and “consultative” approach to war, supposedly so different from the unilateral and “cowboy” approach of the Bush administration in Iraq. That the result is the same—death and destruction raining down on the population, the trampling of the sovereignty and independence of a former colonial country—means nothing to these apologists for imperialism.

The role of Hifter, aptly described 15 years ago as the leader of a “contra-style group,” demonstrates the real class forces at work in the Libyan tragedy. Whatever genuine popular opposition was expressed in the initial revolt against the corrupt Gaddafi dictatorship, the rebellion has been hijacked by imperialism.

The Mediterranean Basin in the World Petroleum MarketThe US and European intervention in Libya is aimed not at bringing “democracy” and “freedom,” but at installing in power stooges of the CIA who will rule just as brutally as Gaddafi, while allowing the imperialist powers to loot the country’s oil resources and use Libya as a base of operations against the popular revolts sweeping the Middle East and North Africa.

############

A New Successful Covert Operation  
Mar 26, 1996 by rmcgehee
Reuters news reports yesterday state that unrest in the Jabal Akhdar mountains of Eastern Libya is caused by armed rebels who may have joined escaped prisoners in an uprising against the government.


This is an operation to overthrow Gaddafi led by Col. Khalifa Haftar, of a contra-style group based in the United States called the Libyan National Army. The army is the military wing of the Salvation Front for the Liberation of Libya.


It is obvious that the CIA is behind this group and indicates a new "awakening" for the CIA now that it has been cleared and re-energized by all the various official exonerations; and led by the new Director Deutch who pushes for more covert operations. With "Mr. Intervention," Richard Haass of the Council on Foreign Relations advising the government on intervening via mililtary and covert operations toward China and probably also Libya and the rest of the world, we can expect a number of additional "successful" CIA covert operations similar to that of Vietnam, Central America and Afghanistan.


Ralph McGehee CIABASE - Information from CIABASE files reveals:


Academia

Libya, 92 Most guerrillas of cia-backed national salvation front from Libyan students living in u.s. and europe.

Washington post 4/18/92 a15


Assassinations

Libya, 84 In may 84 15 gunmen attacked the residence of Col. Qadhafi. A Sudan-based group called the national libya salvation front claimed responsibility for the attack. Nair, k. (1986).
Devil and his dart 98

Libya, 84 The cia backed, trained and continues to support the exile group that tried to assassinate Qaddafi in 84. The plot failed and qaddafi executed a number of the group. The cia-backed group is called the national Front for the salvation of libya (nfsl) and is led by gen youssef Magarieff. The Saudis have provided $7 million to the nfsl. Cia agents advised nfsl leaders and trained their recruits in western europe, sudan and morocco. Jack anderson washington post 6/12/85


Libya, saudi arabia, 84 Despite an executive order forbidding assassinations, the cia trained and supported the national front for the salvation of libya before, during and after its attempt to assassinate Qaddafi on 5/8/84. The anti-qaddafi group was slaughtered in a day-long Battle less than a mile from the barracks where qaddafi was. Group's Leader, youssef magarieff, went ahead with op to show his cia and saudi Arabian backers what they got for support. Jack anderson washington post 11/8/85


Covert Action
China, 96. The Washington Post reported 3/24/96 that the Secretary of Defense William J. Perry and other top Pentagon officials discussed policy toward China with independent expert Richard Haass. (The author
of the book, Intervention). Page 31.


The Roots of Violence: A History of War in Chad (War and Society)Chad, 91 Former chad chief of staff, and his patriotic salvation movement (Mps) preferred by france and libya. And u.s. Forced to remove its 700-man Libyan national liberation army (nla). Saudi arabia had set up bank account In libreville, gabon under control of dr. Yusuf al-margariaf. Since 81 Had been secretary-general of national front for salvation of libya (nfsl).


In 81 a nie said funding for qaddafi's opponents came from saudi arabia, Egypt, morocco and iraq. Some believe nfsl created by cia in early 80s. Morocco provided nfsl trg in 81-82. In 84 front based in sudan. Later in Egypt. In 89 when egypt and libya became friends nfsl moved to ndjamena, Where it spliced with nla. Israel lent trainers. Nls's 700 contras Recruited from among 2,000 libyan prisoners taken by chad in border Skirmishes between 83-87. Col Abdoulgassim khalifa hafter made nla Commander. Group turned over to 30 u.s. Military advisers for training in Commando and terrorist ops. Nla also intended for use against sudan and Other countries. Sudanese people's liberation army (spla) shut down. Office Described as u.s. Chadian op.

In 89 op centered in villa of head of chad's Secret service, the dds, and staffed by u.s.Personnel. U.s. Finally Admitted nla a u.s. Op in 3/91. Israel used cameroons intel orgs and sent Instructors run nla trg centers. U.s.
Apparently had major supply base at Yoko in central cameroon. Further details treverton, g. (1987). Covert Action summer 91 47-51

Chad, libya, israel, 90-91
Fall of pres habre in chad in dec 90 ended a Major u.s.-israeli covert war against libya. Cia-created libyan
national Liberation army (lnla) assembled from prisoners taken by chad between 83-87. Group had just laid mines in s. Libya.

"Africa confidential" 1/6/89 Reported u.s. And israel est series of bases in chad, cameroon, gabon and Central african republic where group aka contras trained. Originally group Called national front for salvation of libya (nfsl). Op funded in part by Saudi arabia. After change gvt in chad cia reportedly flew out 1st group of 100 libyan contras.


Iric reported on 12/7/90 2 burly u.s. Diplomats kept Them from interviewing 200 pows being loaded onto u.s. Plane. Icrc tried Gain access to libyan pows for years. U.s. Air force flew contras to Nigeria where possibly at libya's request for repatriation.

Israeli foreign Affairs 1/91 1-5 Egypt, libya, 81-87

Before sadat's assassination, secretary state haig Referred to Qaddafi as a cancer that has to be cut out.

On 6/18/81 President had signed secret intel finding directing cia to provide Non-lethal support and training to anti-qaddafi exiles. In october, former Libyan diplomat mohammed mugharief founded national front for salvation of Libya, underwritten largely by cia with help of saudi arabia.


Based in Sudan, front established a propaganda radio station. Martin, d. & walcott, J. (1988). Best laid plans 79 Libya. A reporter from arab newspaper al-hayat allowed to visit national Front for salvation of libya - an arab opposition group in u.s. Territory. Leader of national liberation army is Col. Khalifa Hafter who said front has 400 fighters in u.s. Located in (virginia?) 4 hours from d.c. Libyan Group said they waiting right moment to return to libya. The 400 men are in 25 states and are given regular military training.

From al-hayat newspaper 12/18/91. Top secret autumn-winter 92 28-9 Libya, 73-88 U.s./cia waging a secret war against qaddafi for 15 years.

Through surrogates, agents, national proxies, armies developed from crumbling remnants of libyan opposition movements, and in 86, actual military intervention.

In early 80s cia established links with national Front for the salvation of libya. Cia strengthened nfsl, headed by Aly Abuzaakouk.

In 81 cia and pentagon plan code-named "op early call," designed to provoke Qaddafi into attacking sudan by faking a pro-libyan takeover of Sudan gvt. Plan discovered by Qaddafi.


In may 84 cia supported a coup that crushed bloodily with more than 75 plotters killed. Libyan task force group Chief, vince cannistraro, and nsc officer donald fortier, made plan that included arming libyan
dissident groups in egypt and algeria. Dcia, Robert Gates, suggested u.s. support an egyptian invasion of libya - op called Flower/rose stopped by sos shultz. Perry, m. (1992).


Eclipse: the last days of the cia 165 Libya, 81-83 On june 18, 81 president signed intel finding directing cia to provide non-lethal support to anti-Quaddfi exiles.


In oct a former Libyan diplomat, mohammed mugharief, founded national front for salvation of libya - underwritten by cia with help from saudi arabia. Based in sudan It established a radio station and began
looking for prominent exiles. Blp 79. On 12/10/91 president signed national security decision directive 16 - That established task force to implement new libya policy. Martin, d. & Walcott, j. (1988).


Best laid plans 81 Libya, 81-92 The national salvation front has no fixed hqs. Its leader, Ibrahim sahad, operates out of his home in virginia. Front forced to move From morocco to sudan and then out of
arab world altogether and close down its radio station in sudan and then egypt. Front once had hundreds of troops recruited from libyan soldiers captured in chad. About 350 brought to us by cia after chad gvt expelled them. Now they scattered in 25 states.


The Persian Night: Iran under the Khomeinist RevolutionIn 84 front launched an unsuccessful rocket and machine-gun attack against Military barracks of bab aziziyya - usually used as a residence by Qadhafi. Most guerrillas libyan students living in u.s. and europe.
In dec 91 "al Hayat" from front sources wrote "libyan contra camp in america," and said 400 rebels are preparing to fight - they training in the u.s.

Washington Post 4/18/92 a15 Document Iran, france, 85 The front for the salvation of iran (fsi), backed by the Cia, printed and distributed a million copies of a fake iranian postal stamp showing the faces of Amini and the young Shah. Taheri, Amir.

(1988). Nest of spies 150 Domestic op Libya.


A reporter from arab newspaper al-hayat allowed to visit national Front for salvation of libya - an arab opposition group in u.s.

Territory. Leader of the national liberation army is col. Khalifa Hafter who said Front has 400 fighters in u.s. Located in (virginia?) 4 hours from d.c. Libyan group said they waiting right moment to return to libya.

The 400 men Are in 25 states and are given regular military training. From al-hayat Newspaper 12/18/91.

Top secret autumn-winter 92 28-9
Front org Libya. National front for the salvation of libya. An anti- Qadaffi exile Group supported by cia. Carl, l. (1990). The international dictionary of Intelligence 252 Libya, 84


In may 84 15 gunmen attacked the residence of col. Qadhafi. A Sudan- based group called the national libya salvation front claimed responsibility for the attack. Nair, k. (1986).


Devil and his dart 98 Liaison Chad, 91 Former chad chief of staff, and his patriotic salvation movement (Mps) preferred by france and libya. and u.s. Forced to remove its 700-man Libyan national liberation army
(nla). Saudi arabia had set up bank account in libreville, gabon under control of Dr. Yusuf al-Margariaf. Since 81 Had been secretary-general of national front for salvation of libya (nfsl). In 81 a nie said funding for qaddafi's opponents came from saudi arabia, Egypt, morocco and iraq. Some believe nfsl created by cia in early 80s. Morocco provided nfsl trg in 81-82. In 84 front based in sudan.


Later in Egypt. In 89 when egypt and libya became friends nfsl moved to N'Djamena, where it spliced with nla. Israel lent trainers. Nls's 700 contras recruited from among 2,000 libyan prisoners taken by chad in border skirmishes between 83-87. Col. Abdoulgassim Khalifa Hafter made nla Commander. Group turned over to 30 u.s. Military advisers for training in Commando and terrorist ops. Nla also intended for use against sudan and Other countries. Sudanese people's liberation army (spla) shut down. Office Described as u.s. Chadian op.


In 89 op centered in villa of head of chad's Secret service, the dds, and staffed by u.s. Personnel. U.s. Finally Admitted nla a u.s. Op in 3/91. Israel used cameroons intel orgs and sent Instructors run nla trg centers. U.s. Apparently had major supply base at Yoko in central cameroon. Further details covert action information Bulletin (now covert action quarterly) summer 91 47-51


Overthrow

Libya, israel, 87-89 Israel and u.s. Training "contra force of  libyans" In number of west and central african countries. They called "national Front for salvation of libya," and located in chad. Contras from about 2000 Libyan prisoners war, leader khalifa haftar. Cia controls weapons. Saudi Arabia contributed to libyan contras. Israeli foreign affairs 2/89 1,6


Propaganda

Egypt, libya, 81-87 Before sadat's assassination, secretary state haig rReferred to qaddafi as a cancer that has to be cut out. On 6/18/81

President had signed secret intel finding directing cia to provide Non- lethal support and training to anti-qaddafi exiles. In october, former Libyan diplomat mohammed mugharief founded national front for
salvation of Libya, underwritten largely by cia with help of saudi arabia. Based in Sudan, front established a propaganda radio station.

Martin, d. & walcott, J. (1988). Best laid plans 79


Publication

Libya, 81-83 On june 18, 81 president signed intel finding directing cia To provide non-lethal support to anti-quaddfi exiles. In oct a former Libyan diplomat, mohammed mugharief, founded national front for
salvation Of libya - underwritten by cia with help from saudi arabia. Based in sudan It established a radio station and began looking for prominent exiles. Martin, d. & walcott, j. (1988). Best laid plans 79

May 15, 2011

"Stinking, Rotten Crusaders"

Why is Erik Prince hiring mercenary soldiers from Colombia?  They are being trained at Zayed Military City in Abu Dhabi, one of the UAE, housed behind "concrete walls laced with barbed wire," eerily reminiscent of bin Laden's "lair." Apparently the Colombians from predominantly Catholic South America are being hired in order to avoid the employment of Muslims, who reputedly refuse to kill other Muslims. Colombians proved during drug cartel wars they had no aversion to killing anyone.

A Diamond in the Desert: Behind the Scenes in Abu Dhabi, the World's Richest City
 

5/14/2011


Late one night last November, a plane carrying dozens of Colombian men touched down in this glittering seaside capital. Whisked through customs by an Emirati intelligence officer, the group boarded an unmarked bus and drove roughly 20 miles to a windswept military complex in the desert sand. 

The Colombians had entered the United Arab Emirates posing as construction workers. In fact, they were soldiers for a secret American-led mercenary army being built by Erik Prince, the billionaire founder of Blackwater Worldwide, with $529 million from the oil-soaked sheikdom.

Mr. Prince, who resettled here last year after his security business faced mounting legal problems in the United States, was hired by the crown prince of Abu Dhabi to put together an 800-member battalion of foreign troops for the U.A.E., according to former employees on the project, American officials and corporate documents obtained by The New York Times.

The force is intended to conduct special operations missions inside and outside the country, defend oil pipelines and skyscrapers from terrorist attacks and put down internal revolts, the documents show. Such troops could be deployed if the Emirates faced unrest or were challenged by pro-democracy demonstrations in its crowded labor camps or democracy protests like those sweeping the Arab world this year.

The U.A.E.’s rulers, viewing their own military as inadequate, also hope that the troops could blunt the regional aggression of Iran, the country’s biggest foe, the former employees said. The training camp, located on a sprawling Emirati base called Zayed Military City, is hidden behind concrete walls laced with barbed wire. Photographs show rows of identical yellow temporary buildings, used for barracks and mess halls, and a motor pool, which houses Humvees and fuel trucks. The Colombians, along with South African and other foreign troops, are trained by retired American soldiers and veterans of the German and British special operations units and the French Foreign Legion, according to the former employees and American officials.

In outsourcing critical parts of their defense to mercenaries — the soldiers of choice for medieval kings, Italian Renaissance dukes and African dictators — the Emiratis have begun a new era in the boom in wartime contracting that began after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks. And by relying on a force largely created by Americans, they have introduced a volatile element in an already combustible region where the United States is widely viewed with suspicion.

The United Arab Emirates — an autocracy with the sheen of a progressive, modern state — are closely allied with the United States, and American officials indicated that the battalion program had some support in Washington.

“The gulf countries, and the U.A.E. in particular, don’t have a lot of military experience. It would make sense if they looked outside their borders for help,” said one Obama administration official who knew of the operation. “They might want to show that they are not to be messed with.”

Still, it is not clear whether the project has the United States’ official blessing. Legal experts and government officials said some of those involved with the battalion might be breaking federal laws that prohibit American citizens from training foreign troops if they did not secure a license from the State Department. 

Mark C. Toner, a spokesman for the department, would not confirm whether Mr. Prince’s company had obtained such a license, but he said the department was investigating to see if the training effort was in violation of American laws. Mr. Toner pointed out that Blackwater (which renamed itself Xe Services ) paid $42 million in fines last year for training foreign troops in Jordan and other countries over the years.

The U.A.E.’s ambassador to Washington, Yousef al-Otaiba, declined to comment for this article. A spokesman for Mr. Prince also did not comment.

For Mr. Prince, the foreign battalion is a bold attempt at reinvention. He is hoping to build an empire in the desert, far from the trial lawyers, Congressional investigators and Justice Department officials he is convinced worked in league to portray Blackwater as reckless. He sold the company last year, but in April, a federal appeals court reopened the case against four Blackwater guards accused of killing 17 Iraqi civilians in Baghdad in 2007.

To help fulfill his ambitions, Mr. Prince’s new company, Reflex Responses, obtained another multimillion-dollar contract to protect a string of planned nuclear power plants and to provide cybersecurity. He hopes to earn billions more, the former employees said, by assembling additional battalions of Latin American troops for the Emiratis and opening a giant complex where his company can train troops for other governments.

Knowing that his ventures are magnets for controversy, Mr. Prince has masked his involvement with the mercenary battalion. His name is not included on contracts and most other corporate documents, and company insiders have at times tried to hide his identity by referring to him by the code name “Kingfish.” But three former employees, speaking on the condition of anonymity because of confidentiality agreements, and two people involved in security contracting described Mr. Prince’s central role. The former employees said that in recruiting the Colombians and others from halfway around the world, Mr. Prince’s subordinates were following his strict rule: hire no Muslims. Muslim soldiers, Mr. Prince warned, could not be counted on to kill fellow Muslims.

A Lucrative Deal Last spring, as waiters in the lobby of the Park Arjaan by Rotana Hotel passed by carrying cups of Turkish coffee, a small team of Blackwater and American military veterans huddled over plans for the foreign battalion. Armed with a black suitcase stuffed with several hundred thousand dollars’ worth of dirhams, the local currency, they began paying the first bills.

The company, often called R2, was licensed last March with 51 percent local ownership, a typical arrangement in the Emirates. It received about $21 million in start-up capital from the U.A.E., the former employees said.

Mr. Prince made the deal with Sheik Mohamed bin Zayed al-Nahyan, the crown prince of Abu Dhabi and the de facto ruler of the United Arab Emirates. The two men had known each other for several years, and it was the prince’s idea to build a foreign commando force for his country.

Savvy and pro-Western, the prince was educated at the Sandhurst military academy in Britain and formed close ties with American military officials. He is also one of the region’s staunchest hawks on Iran and is skeptical that his giant neighbor across the Strait of Hormuz will give up its nuclear program. 


“He sees the logic of war dominating the region, and this thinking explains his near-obsessive efforts to build up his armed forces,” said a November 2009 cable from the American Embassy in Abu Dhabi that was obtained by the anti-secrecy group WikiLeaks.

For Mr. Prince, a 41-year-old former member of the Navy Seals, the battalion was an opportunity to turn vision into reality. At Blackwater, which had collected billions of dollars in security contracts from the United States government, he had hoped to build an army for hire that could be deployed to crisis zones in Africa, Asia and the Middle East. He even had proposed that the Central Intelligence Agency use his company for special operations missions around the globe, but to no avail. In Abu Dhabi, which he praised in an Emirati newspaper interview last year for its “pro-business” climate, he got another chance.

SEAL Team Six: Memoirs of an Elite Navy SEAL Sniper
Mr. Prince’s exploits, both real and rumored, are the subject of fevered discussions in the private security world. He has worked with the Emirati government on various ventures in the past year, including an operation using South African mercenaries to train Somalis to fight pirates. There was talk, too, that he was hatching a scheme last year to cap the Icelandic volcano then spewing ash across Northern Europe. 

The team in the hotel lobby was led by Ricky Chambers, known as C. T., a former agent with the Federal Bureau of Investigation who had worked for Mr. Prince for years; most recently, he had run a program training Afghan troops for a Blackwater subsidiary called Paravant.
Navy Seals

He was among the half-dozen or so Americans who would serve as top managers of the project, receiving nearly $300,000 in annual compensation. Mr. Chambers and Mr. Prince soon began quietly luring American contractors from Afghanistan, Iraq and other danger spots with pay packages that topped out at more than $200,000 a year, according to a budget document. Many of those who signed on as trainers — which eventually included more than 40 veteran American, European and South African commandos — did not know of Mr. Prince’s involvement, the former employees said. Mr. Chambers did not respond to requests for comment.

He and Mr. Prince also began looking for soldiers. They lined up Thor Global Enterprises, a company on the Caribbean island of Tortola [British Virgin Islands] specializing in “placing foreign servicemen in private security positions overseas,” according to a contract signed last May. The recruits would be paid about $150 a day.

Within months, large tracts of desert were bulldozed and barracks constructed. The Emirates were to provide weapons and equipment for the mercenary force, supplying everything from M-16 rifles to mortars, Leatherman knives to Land Rovers. They agreed to buy parachutes, motorcycles, rucksacks — and 24,000 pairs of socks.

ABU DHABI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORTTo keep a low profile, Mr. Prince rarely visited the camp or a cluster of luxury villas near the Abu Dhabi airport, where R2 executives and Emirati military officers fine-tune the training schedules and arrange weapons deliveries for the battalion, former employees said. He would show up, they said, in an office suite at the DAS Tower — a skyscraper just steps from Abu Dhabi’s Corniche beach, where sunbathers lounge as cigarette boats and water scooters whiz by.

Staff members there manage a number of companies that the former employees say are carrying out secret work for the Emirati government. [Das: "this strategically positioned island has been developed as a storage centre and an export operation base for the crude oil and gas which is extracted from Abu Dhabi’s offshore fields. Das is also home to an abundance of UAE history; Abu Dhabi’s very first oil shipment, back in July 1962, was exported from Das, and the island was additionally the site of the first ADGAS LNG plant in the Middle East." ]

Emirati law prohibits disclosure of incorporation records for businesses, which typically list company officers, but it does require them to post company names on offices and storefronts. Over the past year, the sign outside the suite has changed at least twice — it now says Assurance Management Consulting.

While the documents — including contracts, budget sheets and blueprints — obtained by The Times do not mention Mr. Prince, the former employees said he negotiated the U.A.E. deal. Corporate documents describe the battalion’s possible tasks: intelligence gathering, urban combat, the securing of nuclear and radioactive materials, humanitarian missions and special operations “to destroy enemy personnel and equipment.”

One document describes “crowd-control operations” where the crowd “is not armed with firearms but does pose a risk using improvised weapons (clubs and stones).” People involved in the project and American officials said that the Emiratis were interested in deploying the battalion to respond to terrorist attacks and put down uprisings inside the country’s sprawling labor camps, which house the Pakistanis, Filipinos and other foreigners who make up the bulk of the country’s work force. The foreign military force was planned months before the so-called Arab Spring revolts that many experts believe are unlikely to spread to the U.A.E. Iran was a particular concern.

An Eye on Iran Although there was no expectation that the mercenary troops would be used for a stealth attack on Iran, Emirati officials talked of using them for a possible maritime and air assault to reclaim a chain of islands, mostly uninhabited, in the Persian Gulf that are the subject of a dispute between Iran and the U.A.E., the former employees said. Iran has sent military forces to at least one of the islands, Abu Musa, and Emirati officials have long been eager to retake the islands and tap their potential oil reserves.
The Emirates have a small military that includes army, air force and naval units as well as a small special operations contingent, which served in Afghanistan, but over all, their forces are considered inexperienced.

Cyber War: The Next Threat to National Security and What to Do About ItIn recent years, the Emirati government has showered American defense companies with billions of dollars to help strengthen the country’s security. A company run by Richard A. Clarke, a former counterterrorism adviser during the Clinton and Bush administrations, has won several lucrative contracts to advise the U.A.E. on how to protect its infrastructure.

Some security consultants believe that Mr. Prince’s efforts to bolster the Emirates’ defenses against an Iranian threat might yield some benefits for the American government, which shares the U.A.E.’s concern about creeping Iranian influence in the region.

“As much as Erik Prince is a pariah in the United States, he may be just what the doctor ordered in the U.A.E.,” said an American security consultant with knowledge of R2’s work.

The contract includes a one-paragraph legal and ethics policy noting that R2 should institute accountability and disciplinary procedures. “The overall goal,” the contract states, “is to ensure that the team members supporting this effort continuously cast the program in a professional and moral light that will hold up to a level of media scrutiny.”

But former employees said that R2’s leaders never directly grappled with some fundamental questions about the operation. International laws governing private armies and mercenaries are murky, but would the Americans overseeing the training of a foreign army on foreign soil be breaking United States law?
Susan Kovarovics, an international trade lawyer who advises companies about export controls, said that because Reflex Responses was an Emirati company it might not need State Department authorization for its activities. But she said that any Americans working on the project might run legal risks if they did not get government approval to participate in training the foreign troops.

Basic operational issues, too, were not addressed, the former employees said. What were the battalion’s rules of engagement? What if civilians were killed during an operation? And could a Latin American commando force deployed in the Middle East really be kept a secret?

Imported Soldiers The first waves of mercenaries began arriving last summer. Among them was a 13-year veteran of Colombia’s National Police force named Calixto Rincón, 42, who joined the operation with hopes of providing for his family and seeing a new part of the world.

“We were practically an army for the Emirates,” Mr. Rincón, now back in Bogotá, Colombia, said in an interview. “They wanted people who had a lot of experience in countries with conflicts, like Colombia.” Mr. Rincón’s visa carried a special stamp from the U.A.E. military intelligence branch, which is overseeing the entire project, that allowed him to move through customs and immigration without being questioned.

He soon found himself in the midst of the camp’s daily routines, which mirrored those of American military training. “We would get up at 5 a.m. and we would start physical exercises,” Mr. Rincón said. His assignment included manual labor at the expanding complex, he said. Other former employees said the troops — outfitted in Emirati military uniforms — were split into companies to work on basic infantry maneuvers, learn navigation skills and practice sniper training.

R2 spends roughly $9 million per month maintaining the battalion, which includes expenditures for employee salaries, ammunition and wages for dozens of domestic workers who cook meals, wash clothes and clean the camp, a former employee said. Mr. Rincón said that he and his companions never wanted for anything, and that their American leaders even arranged to have a chef travel from Colombia to make traditional soups.
But the secrecy of the project has sometimes created a prisonlike environment. “We didn’t have permission to even look through the door,” Mr. Rincón said. “We were only allowed outside for our morning jog, and all we could see was sand everywhere.”

The Emirates wanted the troops to be ready to deploy just weeks after stepping off the plane, but it quickly became clear that the Colombians’ military skills fell far below expectations. “Some of these kids couldn’t hit the broad side of a barn,” said a former employee. Other recruits admitted to never having fired a weapon.

Rethinking Roles As a result, the veteran American and foreign commandos training the battalion have had to rethink their roles. They had planned to act only as “advisers” during missions — meaning they would not fire weapons — but over time, they realized that they would have to fight side by side with their troops, former officials said.
Making matters worse, the recruitment pipeline began drying up. Former employees said that Thor struggled to sign up, and keep, enough men on the ground. Mr. Rincón developed a hernia and was forced to return to Colombia, while others were dismissed from the program for drug use or poor conduct.

And R2’s own corporate leadership has also been in flux. Mr. Chambers, who helped develop the project, left after several months. A handful of other top executives, some of them former Blackwater employees, have been hired, then fired within weeks.

'Burj Khalifa Dubai' Wall Decal - 20"W x 36"H Removable GraphicTo bolster the force, R2 recruited a platoon of South African mercenaries, including some veterans of Executive Outcomes, a South African company notorious for staging coup attempts or suppressing rebellions against African strongmen in the 1990s. The platoon was to function as a quick-reaction force, American officials and former employees said, and began training for a practice mission: a terrorist attack on the Burj Khalifa skyscraper in Dubai, the world’s tallest building. They would secure the situation before quietly handing over control to Emirati troops.

But by last November, the battalion was officially behind schedule. The original goal was for the 800-man force to be ready by March 31; recently, former employees said, the battalion’s size was reduced to about 580 men.

Emirati military officials had promised that if this first battalion was a success, they would pay for an entire brigade of several thousand men. The new contracts would be worth billions, and would help with Mr. Prince’s next big project: a desert training complex for foreign troops patterned after Blackwater’s compound in Moyock, N.C. But before moving ahead, U.A.E. military officials have insisted that the battalion prove itself in a “real world mission.” That has yet to happen. So far, the Latin American troops have been taken off the base only to shop and for occasional entertainment.

On a recent spring night though, after months stationed in the desert, they boarded an unmarked bus and were driven to hotels in central Dubai, a former employee said. There, some R2 executives had arranged for them to spend the evening with prostitutes.

Mark Mazzetti reported from Abu Dhabi and Washington, and Emily B. Hager from New York. Jenny Carolina González and Simon Romero contributed reporting from Bogotá, Colombia. Kitty Bennett contributed research from Washington. This article,  "Secret Desert Force Set Up by Blackwater’s Founder,"  first appeared in The New York Times.  Copyright © 2011 The New York Times
 ###############
 The Bradford, Pa. Era; May 11, 1974
United Refining signs contract for Mideast oil
WARREN, Pa. - Abu Dhabi National Oil Co. and United Refining Co. have signed a contract under the terms of which United will purchase approximately 10,000 barrels per day of Abu Dhabi's Murban crude oil. This action is in line with the company's previously-announced intentions of purchasing Eastern Hemisphere crude to supplement its supplies of North American crude oil, and is the culmination of a series of visits to African and Middle Eastern oil producing countries by Harry A. Logan Jr., president of United Refining Co., and Evan Evans, vice president. The contract was signed by Sheikh Tahnoun bin Mohammend al Nahayan, chairman of the board of directors of Abu Dhabi National Oil Co. and Mr. Evans.

Abu Dhabi is a member of the United Arab Emirates and is located on. the Arabian peninsula at the southern end of, the Arabian Gulf. It is ruled by Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan al Nahayan. Abu Dhabi is currently producing about 1,363,000 barrels per day of Crude, and has indicated production should increase to at least 2,000,000 barrels per day by 1976. It is expected the crude purchased by United will be transported by tanker to the U.S. Gulf Coast and thence via common carrier pipeline to Warren. Beginning about Jan. 1,1975, the crude will be moved through the Texoma Pipeline which is presently under construction. United has a 7 per cent interest in Texoma which is being built [as a joint effort of Texoma Pipeline Company and Mobil Oil Corporation] from Beaumont, Texas to Cushing, Oklahoma where it will connect with the existing common carrier network presently used by the company to transport Rocky Mountain and Mid-Continent crude oil to Warren.
~~~~~~~~~~~

Khadafy Says Freeze Possible on U.S. Assets
By JENNIFER PARMELEE
Associated Press Writer
January 10, 1986
Libya: From Colony to Independence (Oneworld Short Histories)
TRIPOLI, Libya (AP)— Col. Moammar Khadafy said Libya may counter American economic sanctions by freezing all U.S. assets, news conference, Libya 's radical leader accused the United States of endangering security in t he Mediterranean and said more American "threats" could push the North American country closer to embracing communism.

At a late Thursday news conference Libya's radical leader accused the United States of endangering
security in the Mediterranean and of acting like a "stinking, rotten crusader" toward Arabs. "This hostile position can only be explained in racist and crusade terms," Khadafy added, referring to the llth - 13th century armed expeditions by European Christians to seize the Holy Land from Moslems.

On Tuesday, Reagan ordered U.S. companies and an estimated 1,000 to 1,500 American citizens out of Libya, and froze Libyan assets in the United States and in branch banks overseas. The actions were in retaliation for Libya's alleged sponsorship of terrorism.

U.S. and Israeli officials accuse Libya of backing the Abu Nidal Palestinian faction they blame for the Dec. 27 massacres at the Rome and Vienna airports. Nineteen people were killed, including four terrorists and five
Americans.

In reaction to the American sanctions, Libyan legal specialists are studying responses that include the  possibility of freezing U.S. assets, Khadafy told reporters invited to an office in his heavily guarded barracks. American sanctions "will not affect us since they were taken into consideration years ago," Khadafy said.
"Reagan is stupid enough to believe that (sanctions) were something that were unexpected."

(U.S. sources have predicted Khadafy might seize the assets of American oil companies in Libya, estimated at about $400 million.) Khadafy spoke at the news conference in Arabic, and his remarks were translated into English. Later, he was asked in an interview with a group of Western journalists how the conflict with the United States would affect Libya's relations with Moscow.